You can file a chapter 13 to stop a foreclosure, even if you’re not eligible for a discharge.
Let’s say that you discharged all of of your debts last year in your chapter 7. You received a discharge, and the case is closed. Now, you have a foreclosure sale on your home.
You cannot get a discharge of your debts in a new bankruptcy case for a few years, but this doesn’t mean that you’re going to lose the home.
You can file a chapter 13, proposing a repayment plan to catch up on the mortgage arrears. You won’t get a discharge of any new debts, because your chapter 7 discharge was too recent, but at this point, it doesn’t really matter. You want to stop the foreclosure, and this stops it cold.
To put it simply: chapter 13 stops the foreclosure and gives you a repayment plan to catch up on those missed mortgage payments.